• Scientific Name: Todiramphus veneratus (Gmelin, 1788)
  • Polynesian Names: Ruro, ruru, ruru moetua, putu (Tahiti)
  • Order: Coraciiformes
  • Family: Alcedinidae
  • Category: Endemic Birds
  • Location: Society (Tahiti)

Apearance and identification

7 inches. The skull and back are green. The wings and top of the rump are blue-electric. The belly is white. A red necklace is on the chest up to the neck. A grey bar starts from the beak and passes through the eye to the nape. It is topped by a bright red-tape that goes from the forehead to the nape.

Videos

No media

Voice

Characteristics

Tahiti (Society).

From September to January. Territorial bird that nests in hollow trunk such as purau or mape (Inocarpus fagiferus) between 4 and 13 meters above the ground. The nests’ entry measures 4 to 6 cm in diameter. The eggs are dull white. They are very round and measure 26 x 23 mm. Two to three eggs are laid between September and November and incubated for 20-25 days. Young birds are raised from 25 to 30 days in the nest. If nesting fails, there is no re-nesting.

Purau forests (Hibiscus tiliaceus) but also in the valleys of less than 700 meters high, mara (Neonauclea forsteri) and tiairi (Aleurites moluccana). Absent from coconut groves.

Alarme les visiteurs qui traversent son territoire pendant la période de reproduction par un long « ki-ki-ki-ki-ki… » très sonore. Pousse parfois des « kark, kark, kark… » isolés et successifs.

Insectes capturés au vol, à terre ou sur les arbres. Petits lézards, mollusques, voire même chevrettes et petits poissons.

Location

Tahiti (Society).

Breeding

From September to January. Territorial bird that nests in hollow trunk such as purau or mape (Inocarpus fagiferus) between 4 and 13 meters above the ground. The nests’ entry measures 4 to 6 cm in diameter. The eggs are dull white. They are very round and measure 26 x 23 mm. Two to three eggs are laid between September and November and incubated for 20-25 days. Young birds are raised from 25 to 30 days in the nest. If nesting fails, there is no re-nesting.

Habitat

Purau forests (Hibiscus tiliaceus) but also in the valleys of less than 700 meters high, mara (Neonauclea forsteri) and tiairi (Aleurites moluccana). Absent from coconut groves.

Voice

Alarme les visiteurs qui traversent son territoire pendant la période de reproduction par un long « ki-ki-ki-ki-ki… » très sonore. Pousse parfois des « kark, kark, kark… » isolés et successifs.

Food

Insectes capturés au vol, à terre ou sur les arbres. Petits lézards, mollusques, voire même chevrettes et petits poissons.

Status and protection

The species is listed in category A of the list of species protected by the territorial regulations of French Polynesia.
The species is still common in Tahiti and is classified as “Least Concern” (LC) on the IUCN Red List.

Original text by Caroline BLANVILLAIN – Supplements and update by various members of the SOP Manu.