• Scientific Name: Ptilinopus purpuratus (Gmelin, 1789) – Grey-green Fruit-dove, Ptilinopus chrysogaster Gray, 1853 – Raiatea Fruit-dove
  • Polynesian Names: U’upa (Société)
  • Order: Columbiformes
  • Family: Columbidae
  • CategoryEndemic Birds
  • Location: Society : high islands only

Apearance and identification

8 inches. Male and female identical in appearance. The head, throat and chest are light grey pulling towards pale green. The cap is light pink and slightly marked. The back, wings and tail are dark green. The feathers are bright yellow. The beak is yellow and the legs are burgundy.

Videos

No media

Voice

Characteristics

All the high islands of the Society archipelago except for the atolls (Tetiaroa, Bellingshausen, Scilly) and perhaps Maiao and Mehetia where its presence has never been reported.

All year. The nests are simple platforms of twigs intertwined. The only egg laid measures 32 x 21 mm.

Forested areas up to 1000 meters. Sometimes near houses. Isn’t found in coconut fields nor lagoon islands.

Its call is a slow cooing that accelerates.

Flesh Tuava fruit of 2 to 17 mm diameter (Guava Psidium guajava), ora (Ficus Banyan prolixa) motoi (Ylang Ylang Cananga odorata), taratara moa (Lantana Lantana camara), ieie (Pandanacée Freycinetia impavida). Sometimes small insects and young leaves.

Location

All the high islands of the Society archipelago except for the atolls (Tetiaroa, Bellingshausen, Scilly) and perhaps Maiao and Mehetia where its presence has never been reported.

Breeding

All year. The nests are simple platforms of twigs intertwined. The only egg laid measures 32 x 21 mm.

Habitat

Forested areas up to 1000 meters. Sometimes near houses. Isn’t found in coconut fields nor lagoon islands.

Voice

Its call is a slow cooing that accelerates.

Food

Flesh Tuava fruit of 2 to 17 mm diameter (Guava Psidium guajava), ora (Ficus Banyan prolixa) motoi (Ylang Ylang Cananga odorata), taratara moa (Lantana Lantana camara), ieie (Pandanacée Freycinetia impavida). Sometimes small insects and young leaves.

Status and protection

Remains abundant in some islands but less than in the past, perhaps because of the introduction of the Swamp Harrier (Circus approximans). Small Polynesian rats, black rats and cats have probably also play a role in this decreasing.

Ptilinopus purpuratus is listed in category A of the list of species protected by the territorial regulations of French Polynesia.
The species is classified as “Least Concern” (LC) on the IUCN Red List.

Ptilinopus chrysogaster is classified « Endangered » (EN) on the IUCN Red List.

Original text by Caroline BLANVILLAIN – Supplements and update by various members of the SOP Manu.